ScanWave Web Application Testing Overview
ScanWave web applications testing is based on OWASP Top 10 methodology for web application security. The OWASP Top 10 represents a broad consensus about what the most critical web application security flaws.
The goal of ScanWave web testing is to raise awareness about web security by identifying some of the most critical risks facing organizations and identify all mobile applications vulnerabilities and security threats.
The OWASP Top 10 web applications methodology is referenced by many standards, books, tools, and organizations, including MITRE, PCI DSS, DISA, FTC, and many more.
ScanWave Risk Rating Methodology
ScanWave adopted OWASP Top 10 that focuses on identifying the most serious risks for a broad array of organizations. For each of these risks, we provide generic information about the likelihood and technical impact using the following simple rating scheme, which is based on the OWASP Risk Rating Methodology.
Web Application Testing OWASP Top 10
A1- InjectionFlaws, such as SQL, OS, and LDAP injection, occur when untrusted data is sent to an interpreter as part of a command or query. The attacker’s hostile data can trick the interpreter into executing unintended commands or accessing data without proper authorization.
A2- Broken Authentication and Session ManagementApplication functions related to authentication and session management are often not implemented correctly, allowing attackers to compromise passwords, keys, or session tokens, or to exploit other implementation flaws to assume other users’ identities.
A3- Cross-Site Scripting (XSS)XSS flaws occur whenever an application takes untrusted data and sends it to a web browser without proper validation or escaping. XSS allows attackers to execute scripts in the victim’s browser, which can hijack user sessions, deface web sites, or redirect the user to malicious sites.
A4- Insecure Direct Object ReferencesA direct object reference occurs when a developer exposes a reference to an internal implementation object, such as a file, directory, or database key. Without an access control check or other protection, attackers can manipulate these references to access unauthorized data.
A5- Security MisconfigurationGood security requires having a secure configuration defined and deployed for the application, frameworks, application server, web server, database server, and platform. Secure settings should be defined, implemented, and maintained, as defaults are often insecure. Additionally, software should be kept up to date.
A6- Sensitive Data ExposureMany web applications do not properly protect sensitive data, such as credit cards, tax IDs, and authentication credentials. Attackers may steal or modify such weakly protected data to conduct credit card fraud, identity theft, or other crimes. Sensitive data deserves extra protection such as encryption at rest or in transit, as well as special precautions when exchanged with the browser.
A7- Missing Function Level Access ControlMost web applications verify function level access rights before making that functionality visible in the UI. However, applications need to perform the same access control checks on the server when each function is accessed. If requests are not verified, attackers will be able to forge requests in order to access functionality without proper authorization.
A8- Cross-Site Request ForgeryA CSRF attack forces a logged-on victim’s browser to send a forged HTTP request, including the victim’s session cookie and any other automatically included authentication information, to a vulnerable web application. This allows the attacker to force the victim’s browser to generate requests the vulnerable application thinks are legitimate requests from the victim.
A9- Using Components with Known VulnerabilitiesComponents, such as libraries, frameworks, and other software modules, almost always run with full privileges. If a vulnerable component is exploited, such an attack can facilitate serious data loss or server takeover. Applications using components with known vulnerabilities may undermine application defenses and enable a range of possible attacks and impacts.
A10- Unvalidated Redirects and ForwardsWeb applications frequently redirect and forward users to other pages and websites and use untrusted data to determine the destination pages. Without proper validation, attackers can redirect victims to phishing or malware sites, or use forwards to access unauthorized pages.